Adret 740A signal generator – fixing the lack of output signal

15 stycznia, 2012

The problem with Adret 740A signal generator was the disappearance of the output signal at the N output in the upper power range. Sometimes the signal was present for several hours, sometimes it would disappear for a few minutes after switching on, sometimes there was no signal at all.

However, at the control output on the back of the instrument the signal was present all the time (0.5-1.2 mW depending on the frequency and attenuator setting).

While searching the web I found the complete instructions for use with all the schemes on page (Page requires log in) from where I took the schemes.

What I found on was a false trail for me – even though it contains a description of repairing a very similar defect of Adret 740A.

I suspected the problem originated in output attenuator (page 19).

It works in such a way that attenuators of a specific attenuation range are switched off  by internal relays from the approach board (17a). +12V voltage on the relay means that the attenuation is zero, no voltage means nominal voltage attenuation.

To check the voltage on the specific relays, one has to check the voltage on the ribbon cable that connects the VHF board (33b) and the doubler (if you’re in possession of Adret version 740A to 1200 MHz) or is attached to the casing of the attenuator (for 560 MHz version).

On the VHF B board, voltage goes through another ribbon cable to relays from the buffers (LM324) on the approach board.

Unfortunately, the numbering of the connector 26 pin ribbon cables does not correspond to the numbering on the scheme, but to its mirror image, so finding the voltage going to the specific relay attenuator requires some attention.

To simplify the search, we set the output level of +13 dBm (maximum signal) which means that all the relays in the attenuator are powered .

In my case, it appeared that there was no +12 V voltage to the relay one of the attenuator 30 dB. The voltage goes from the LM324 (described as SN10 on the scheme). More specifically, the voltage goes from the operational amplifier located between pins 5,6 and 7.

When active, the amplifier should be about 12 V on pin 7,  4.2V on pin 6 and 5.2V on pin 5, the off-state voltage at pin 5 and 7 is 0 volts.

In my case, the voltage at pin 5 fell from 1.8 to 2.4 V, which resulted in an uncontrolled switching on 30 dB attenuator. Cursory inspection of the elements showed that the pin 5 resistor is 100 kΩ is OK and  there is no short circuit on the 0.22 μF, which suggested a failure of LM324.

After careful desoldering  of  LM324  (important note – printed circuits are sensitive to longer heating), adding a 14-pin socket (for easier replacement) and replacement of LM324, I noticed that after 10 minutes of normal operation, the output signal disappeared again.

I managed to find next 5 pieces of LM324 manufactured by different companies that exhibited similar symptoms – output signal sometimes was present, sometimes it disappeared.

After ruling out the microdamages of print tracks, what remained was -the last item – 0.22 μF capacitor, which could be damaged.

After replacing it with a new one, my Adret 740A started working properly! As it turned out – after connecting the 12VDCvoltage to the desoldered capacitor, it showed unstable leakage current of 3-10 μA and the ohmmeter showed unstable internal resistance of 1-4 MΩ, and the capacitance meter pointed from 0.14 μF to 0.16 μF depending on the temperature.

There are  many blue capacitors on the PCB, but I decided not to change them.

ADRET 740A has a good signal stability, which I have used recently in experiments with TRV at 24 GHz, as a 105.473 MHz signal source (x228 = 24,048) to the oscillator circuit from the 23 GHz radioline from the DMC (white box), used by me as a bacon control, as well as the oscillator for the conversion of 24 GHz/432  and 24 GHz/1296 (after changing the frequency of the generator to 107.320 or 103.579 x212 x228).

Tropo condx 11-12 Nov 2011

20 listopada, 2011

SP6GWB – JO80JG – 1130 m asl

432 MHz – TS2000X – 50 W / 21 el. F9FT
1.3 GHz – TS2000X – 250 W / 1.4 m Dish
2.3 GHz – FT817+DB6NT – 200 W / 1.4 m Dish
5.7 GHz – FT817+DB6NT – 6 W / 1.1 m Offset Dish
10 GHz – FT817+DB6NT – 16 W / 55 cm Offset Dish

SM4DHN JP60 1.3 GHz – 1100 km
LY2FN KO14XV 1.3/2.3/5.6 GHz – 621 km – First SP<->LY na 5.6 GHz
LY2VA KO14XV 1.3/2.3/5.6 GHz – 621 km
SM0FZH JO99HI 432/1.3 GHz – 1016 km
SM1HOW JO97GL 432/1.3/10 GHz – 809 km
SM0EJY JO89 1.3 GHz NC – 983 km
SM7GVF JO77 432/1.3 GHz – 765 km
YL3AG KO06WK 432/1.3 GHz – 764 km
SM7LCB JO86GH 1.3/2.3/10 GHz – 672 km

SM7LCB JO86HG 1.3 GHz – 672 km
SM4BDQ JP80FG 432 MHz – 1112 km
SK4AO JP70TO 432/1.3 GHz – 1151 km
SM0DFP JP90JC 1.3/2.3/5.6/10 GHz – 1101 km nowy ODX na 5.6 GHz
SM1HOW JO97GL 1.3 GHz – 809 km
SK3MF JP92FW 432/1.3/2.3 GHz – 1412 km nowy ODX na 2.3 GHz
SM4IVE JO79SD 432 MHz – 990 km
OH6HFX KP14RN 432 MHz – 1636 km
SM2CEW KP15CR 432 MHz – 1747 km (SP6GWB ODX 1780 km)
OH6KTL KP02OJ 1.3 GHz – 1374 km
OH6NVQ KP13IQ 1.3 GHz – 1533 km (SP6GWB ODX 1580 km)
SM7GEP JO77IP 1.3/2.3/5.6/10 GHz – 831 km

SM7LCB JO86 1.3
OK1YA JN79IO 10, 24

Słyszane beacony (powyżej 600 km):

432 MHz – SK7MHH (JO86GP – 709 km), SK1UHF (JO97CJ – 797 km), SK3UHF (JP92FW – 1412 km)
1.3 GHz – SK3UHG (JP92FW – 1412 km), SK0UHG (JO99BM – 1032 km), SK4BX (JO79LI – 1016 km), SK1UHC (JO97BM – 811 km)

UHF-SHF Conest 2011

28 września, 2011

I will be qrv from JO80JG 1130 m asl.
Bands:  1296, 2320, 5760, 10, 24 and 47 GHz. For sked qrv ON4KST GHz chat or mobile +48601763772
cu in contest

p.s Beacons SR6XHC, SR6KHC and SR6GHC active.

Budowa transwertera 24 Ghz

13 marca, 2011

Zapraszam do zapoznania się z materiałami dotyczącymi budowy transwertera 24 Ghz. Materiały znajdują się pod tym linkiem (format .pdf, 2 MB).

Measurement of wide band horn OE9PMJ

11 kwietnia, 2010

Measurement of wide band horn OE9PMJ on 1.3, 2.3 and 3.4 GHz without and with 1.4 m dish. Two separate antennas measured.

1. Click the picture below to enlarge the measurement table.

2. Click here to see the measurement table in PDF format.

Relacja z Mikrovlne Setkani Tri Studne

19 maja, 2008

W tragiczni weekend wraz z SP6JLW i SP6OPN byliśmy w Tri Studne w OK2. Po dokonaniu paru zakupów, wysłuchaniu kilku referatów wróciliśmy do SP. Spotkaliśmy znajome twarze i postacie, potwierdziliśmy zaproszenia na Zjazd Techniczny w Zieleńcu, który odbędzie się 13-15 sierpnia 2010 roku.

73’s de SP6GWB